American Cancer Society Guidelines for the Early
Detection of Cancer
Uterus – Cervix
• Beginning at age 50, the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test and digital rectal exam (DRE) should be offered every year to men who do not have major health problems.
• Men at high risk (African American men and men who have a first-degree relative who was diagnosed with prostate cancer at a young age) should begin testing at age 45.
• Men should be given information about the benefits and limitations of tests so they can decide if they want to be tested.
MEN & WOMEN
Colon & Rectum
Men and women who are age 50 or older should follow one of the following five examination schedules: (High risk individuals should talk with their doctors about a different testing schedule)
• Yearly fecal occult blood test (FBOT)
• Flexible sigmoidoscopy every five years
• FOBT every year and flexible
sigmoidoscopy every five years.
• Double contrast barium enema every five
• Colonoscopy every 10 years
People with a personal history of polyps, colon cancer, or inflammatory bowel disease or a family history of colon cancer or polyps are at higher risk for colon cancer. They may need to start being tested before age 50 and have tests done often.
CANCER RELATED CHECKUPS
For individuals undergoing periodic health examinations, a cancer-related checkup should include health counseling and depending on a person’s age, might include examinations for cancers of the thyroid, oral cavity, skin, lymph nodes, testes, and ovaries, as well as for some non-malignant diseases.
(Source: American Cancer Society)
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